Knowledgebase
Dynamic DNS
Posted by Shaker B. on 19 August 2016 11:57 AM

Dynamic DNS service is used to keep a domain name pointing to the same computer or server connected to the Internet despite the fact that the address (IP address) of the computer keeps changing. This service is useful to anyone who wants to operate a server (web server, mail server, ftp server, irc server etc) connected to the Internet with a dynamic IP or for someone who wants to connect to an office computer or server from a remote location with software such as pcAnywhere.

NOTE: Our Domain Plus currently does NOT come with Dynamic DNS. For more information on how to upgrade your service level to use this feature, please go HERE.

To setup your Dynamic DNS, please do the following:

1. Log into your easyDNS account
2. Click on DNS for said domain (this should bring you to your DNS SETTINGS page)

how to set up dynamic dns with easyDNS

3. Click on the MODULAR EDITOR tab
4. Click on the wrench tool for DYNAMIC RECORDS

how to set up dynamic dns with easyDNS

5. Create your dynamic records by defining your host name(s) and a TTL
6. Create a Dynamic Authenticated Token by clicking on ENABLE

NOTE: Dynamic tokens must be entered in place of your account password, as many updaters only use clear text. We only allow the use of the token to avoid exposing your password.

7. Click NEXT

how to set up dynamic dns with easyDNS

8. Confirm the changes

NOTE: You may be warned that an A record already exists for the host you are making dynamic. If you are sure you wish to make the record dynamic and stop resolving it to whatever it was before (an existing page or a parked page), simply ignore the warning and confirm the changes. 


Setting Up Your System To Use Dynamic DNS

There are a number of different ways to make dynamic updates and they are all dependent on your local setup. They break down into two basic types: 

Hardware Based Options

Many routers have an option to enable dynamic updates. This can be very convenient, as the router is always the first place the IP address change makes itself known. Some of these include easyDNS as one of their options, and you need only select it from the menu they provide. Others allow you to enter the settings for your dynamic server.

Here are the basic parameters you will need:

If your router does not include easyDNS or allow you to enter your own parameters, you will want to use a software-based updater.

Software Based Options

There are dozens or more different options available for software based dynamic updates. The following are the ones we are currently recommending:

  • Mac Systems
    We currently provide our own custom updater for Mac-based servers (OS 10), which can be downloaded directly from our system HERE.

  • Linux Systems
    For Linux we recommend ez-ipupdate, which can be installed through the software manager on Ubuntu or directly from their website. This software includes current configuration files for both the Legacy and Caprica systems. If you require the specific Caprica configuration files, you can download it directly from us HERE

    Sourceforge also provides an excellent update client for Linux called ddclient.

    One of our clients has written a nice java-based client that runs on Linux and can be downloaded from their project site HERE.

  • Windows Systems
    There’s a very nice piece of software called Dynsite, which continues to be maintained by its creator Noel Danjou. You can download it HERE. For a walkthrough on installing and configuring it, please see the Dynsite tutorial HERE.


easyDNS Dynamic DNS Client Specifications V1.3

The following is what you need to know to code a Dynamic DNS client for use with easyDNS. Giving credit where credit is due, the protocol used below was adapted from the format used at dyndns.org.

After evaluating various approaches out there, we felt theirs was the simplest and most straightforward. However, there are some differences such as the back _mx parameter which has a different meaning to our system.

If you code a completely generic client and follow the specification below, you can perform dynamic DNS updates by executing a GET method request on following URL:

api.cp.easydns.com/dyn/generic.php

You can send the following parameters in the QUERY_STRING of a request, for example:

https://username:dynamictoken@api.cp.easydns.com/dyn/generic.php?hostname=example.com&myip=10.0.0.2

If you do not include the myip parameter, our update script will look to the IP the request originates from and update to that.

If you do code a client for easyDNS, please email our support team so we can keep you informed of any changes, enhancements, bug fixes etc. Also, please be sure to let us know about your client, which platform it runs on, and where our users can download it so we can add it to our dynamic page.

Parameters

  • hostname
    The full hostname being updated.

  • tld
    The root domain of your hostname. For example, if your hostname is “example.co.uk” you should set “tld” to “co.uk”. This field can be omitted in cases of second level domains like example.com.

  • myip
    The IP address of the client to be updated. Send “0.0.0.0” to set record to an offline state (sets record to “offline.easydns.com”). If you are behind a firewall or NAT set this to 1.1.1.1 and our system will detect your remote IP for you.

  • mx
    Use this parameter as the MX handler for the domain being updated. It defaults to preference 5.

  • backmx
    Either “YES” or “NO”. If “YES” we set smtp.easydns.com to be a backup mail spool for domain being updated at preference 100.

  • wildcard
    Either “ON” or “OFF”. If “ON” sets a wildcard host record for the domain being updated equal to the IP address specified in “myip”.


Result Codes Are As Follows:

  • NOACCESS
    The authentication failed. This no only happens if the username/password are wrong, but if they send a hostname for a domain that isn’t under the user’s account.

  • NOSERVICE
    Dynamic DNS is not turned on for this domain. Each domain must have it’s own dyndns flag enabled individually (by the user) in their member settings.

  • ILLEGAL INPUT
    Self-explanatory. Client sent data that is outside the allowed set for a dyndns update.

  • TOOSOON
    Not enough time has elapsed since the last update. You need to wait at least 10 minutes between updates.

  • NOERROR
    Everything works fine.
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